Health services management and research
Professional knowledge aims at improving practice. It reduces uncertainty in decision-making, improves effectiveness in action and relevance in evaluation, stimulates reflexivity, and subjects practice to ethical standards.
We used empirical learning and action-research to test strategies designed
Unger JP, Vargas I & Vázquez ML. Non managed care techniques to improve clinical decision making. In: Unger JP, De Paepe P, Sen K, Soors W, editors. International health and aid policies; the need for alternatives. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press; 2010.
Unger JP, Mbaye AM & Diao M. Finances and Drugs at the Core of District Health Service Rehabilitation. A Case-Study in Senegal: the Kolda District. Health Pol Plan. 1990; 5,4:367-377
De Paepe, P., Rojas, E., Abad, L., Van Dessel, P., & Unger, J. (2010). Improving access. In J. Unger, P. De Paepe, K. Sen, & W. Soors (Authors), International Health and Aid Policies: The Need for Alternatives (pp. 210-224). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. doi:10.1017/CBO9780511902512.028
Public Health Research and Training Unit of the ITM. The Training of District Medical Officers in the Organization of Health Services: a Methodology Tested in Senegal. Health Policy and Planning 1989; 4(2): 148-156.
Unger JP. PhD thesis: "Role of health districts and methodology of their development in Africa” 1991, Free University of Brussels, Faculty of Medicine (in French)
Unger J.-P., Marchal B., Dugas S., Wuidar M. J., Burdet D., Leemans P. & Unger J. Interface flow process audit: using the patient's career as a tracer of quality of care and of system organisation. Int J Integr Care. 2004;4:1568-4156.
Unger JP, Van Dormael M, Criel B, Van der Vennet J, & De Munck P. A plea for an initiative to strengthen family medicine in public healthcare services of developing countries. Int J Health Serv. 2002;32,4:799-815.
Unger, J., De Paepe, P., Sen, K., & Soors, W. (2010). Reorienting academic missions: How can public health departments and public health teaching in particular best support access to good quality comprehensive health care? In International Health and Aid Policies: The Need for Alternatives (pp. 240-246). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. doi:10.1017/CBO9780511902512.030
Unger JP & Yada A. Should Medication be Distributed in Africa by Health Services and/or pharmacies? A Preliminary Evaluation of the Boulgou project in Burkina Faso. Health Pol Plan 1993;8,3:240-246.
Unger JP & Dujardin B. Epidemiology's contribution to health service management and planning in developing countries. Bulletin of WHO. 1992; 70,4:487-497
Unger JP, d'Alessandro U, De Paepe P, & Green A. Can malaria be controlled where basic health services are not used? Tropical Med Int Health. 2006; 11,3: 314-322.
Quinet A et al. Family Therapy in Developing Countries Primary Care. J Fam Med Dis Prev 2015;1:006
Unger JP, Shelmerdine S, van der Veer C, & Roland M (2016) How can GPs Best Handle Social Determinants in Practice? Application in the Brussels Environment. J Fam Med Dis Prev. 2016 ;2:025 ;2, 1
Vázquez ML, Vargas I, Unger JP, et al. Evaluating the effectiveness of care integration strategies in different healthcare systems in Latin America: the EQUITY-LA II quasi experimental study protocol. BMJ Open. 2015;5:e007037. doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2014- 007037
Unger JP. Physicians' Burnout (and That of Psychologists, Nurses, Magistrates, Researchers, and Professors) For a Control Program. Int J Health Serv. 2020;50(1):73-81. doi:10.1177/0020731419883525
J.-P. Unger. How could disease specific programs strengthen health systems delivering comprehensive health care? Strategic and technical guidelines. European Commission, DG DEV, 30 Sept 2008, Brussels
Unger J.-P. Les responsabilités systémiques des hôpitaux à finalité publique. Hospitals.be 2005, 1: 27-34.
Unger J.-P. Les systèmes locaux de santé. Santé Conjuguée Oct 2004, 30: 29-32.
Unger J. P., Van Dormael M., Criel B., Van der Vennet J., De Munck P. A plea for an initiative to strengthen family medicine in public health care services of developing countries. Int J Health Serv. 2002; 32(4): 799-815
Unger J.-P., Macq J., Bredo F., Boelaert M.Through Mintzberg's glasses: a fresh look at the organization of ministries of health. Bull WHO2000; 78(8): 1005-1014.
Unger, J. P., Macq, J., Bredo, F. & Boelaert, M. (2000). Through Mintzberg's glasses: a fresh look at the organization of ministries of health.. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 78 (8), 1005 - 1014. World Health Organization.
What are the desirable, heuristic particularities of research in professional, medical practice, and what distinguishes this research from scientific research?
Unger, JP., Morales, I. & De Paepe, P. Medical heuristics and action-research: professionalism versus science. BMC Health Serv Res 20, 1071 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12913-020-05888-x